Dr. Dan Osborne
Ph.D. Anthropology, Indiana University, Bloomington 2007.
Assistant Professor of Anthropology
Courtesy Faculty Department of Nutrition
Courtesy Faculty Forensic Science Program
Major Research Interests:
Skeletal biology, nutrition, human adaptation, growth and development, evolution
I am interested in human and non-human primate biological variation. My specific research falls under the realm of human biology in that I study health outcomes in contemporary, historic, and prehistoric contexts. My research requires that human biological variation is considered in light of both biology and culture. I am particularly interested in phenotypic response to environmental stressors during growth and development. Physical activity, nutrition and stress shape growth and adult health across the lifespan. The degree to which contemporary diet and environment differ from our evolutionary environment may lead to negative health outcomes. My research uses Life History Theory to understand how evolution has shaped and continues to shape human variation.
In addition to my interests in human biology, I am also involved in methodological issues concerning the field of biological anthropology in general. This may include research design, quantitative or qualitative inquiry. I am currently working with a student on a new method for sex determination in the post cranial skeleton using logistic regression.
Recent and Representative Publications:
Osborne, Daniel L. and M. Gabrielle Lapera (in prep) A metabolic perspective on the evolution of the human skeleton. American Journal of Physical Anthropology.
Osborne, Daniel L. and Emily Hammerl (in prep) Categorical and continuous predictors of sex in the pelvis and proximal femur using logistic regression. Journal of Forensic Sciences.
Bleed, Peter, Daniel L. Osborne, and Matthew Douglass (in review) Seeking the roots of human Niche Construction andfinding lithic technology and complex control of food. Invited contribution to an edited volume on Archaeological Niche Construction being considered by a university press.
Osborne, Daniel L. and Raymond Hames (in revision) A life history perspective on skin cancer and the evolution of skin pigmentation. American Journal of Physical Anthropology
Osborne, Daniel L., Connie Weaver, Linda McCabe, George McCabe, Rachel Novotny, Marta Van Loan, Scott Going, Velomir Matkovic, Carol Boushey, Dennis Savaiano and the ACT Research Team. (2012) Predictors of structural geometry at the proximal femur in Asian, Hispanic, and white adolescent females living in the U.S. Bone 51:888-895.
Osborne, Daniel L., Connie Weaver, Linda McCabe, George McCabe, Rachel Novotny, Carol Boushey, and Dennis Savaiano (2011) Tanning predicts bone mass but not structure in adolescent females living in Hawaii. American Journal of Human Biology 23:470-478.
Grieshaber, Britta M., Daniel L. Osborne, Alison F. Doubleday, and Frederika A. Kaestle (2008). Investigating the effects of X-ray and computed tomography exposure on the amplification of DNA from bone. Journal of Archaeological Science,35(3):681-687.
Pickering, Travis R., Charles P. Egeland, Amy Schnell, Daniel L. Osborne, and Jake Enk (2006). Success in identification of experimentally fragmented limb bone shafts: implications for estimates of skeletal element abundance in archaeofaunas. Journal of Taphonomy, 4(2):97-108.
Growth related change in structural geometry at the hip among adolescent females living in the U.S.
Factors influencing growth in bone density at the heel in adolescent females living in Nebraska using Quantitative Ultrasound (QUS)
Reconsidering skin cancer as a selective pressure for skin pigmentation
American Association of Physical Anthropologists
American Association of Human Biologists
Bioarchaeology and Forensic Anthropology Association
Introduction to Anthropology, ANTH 110
Introduction to Physical Anthropology, ANTH 242/242L
Medical Anthropology, ANTH 422/822
Nutritional Anthropology, ANTH 430/830 & NUTR 430/830
Human Variation, ANTH 442/842
Human Growth & Development, ANTH 448/848 & BIOS 448/848
Quantitative Methods in Anthropology, ANTH 484/884