|I. Grading Criteria
All term papers must comply with academic standards of quality and excellence. Papers are to be each student's own original work. Students who plagiarize will receive no points for the paper. Plagiarism is stealing another person's work, words and ideas and passing them off as your own. The original copy of the paper is to be submitted to the course instructor. The paper may be used only for one course. Paper topics must be course related. They could be scored in accordance with the following criteria, though each professor establishes his/her own grading policy
Area 1 Literature Review (20%)
a) Depth and Comprehensiveness--Were a sufficient number of relevant sources utilized to provide a thorough exploration of the topic?
Area 2 Analysis (60%)
a) Adequate Description of Major Themes And Findings--Does the descriptive or narrative portion of the paper contain sufficient detail? Are basic structures and processed discussed?
Area 3 Form and Style (20%)
a) Organization--Is the paper organized in an orderly fashion with topic headings?
Papers must be typed or word-processed and must be double-spaced. If your word-processor permits right-justification, please do not use it; leave the right edge of the text "jagged".
Gibbons, D.C. (1968) Society, Crime, and Criminal Careers. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall.
Jeffery, C.R. (1965) "Criminal Behavior and Learning Theory," Journal of Criminal Law, Criminology, and Police Science, July, Vol 52(1): 293-300.
Generally speaking, an outline consists of major and minor topic headings, organized with regard to the specific topic being researched. Topic headings usually include an introduction, historical background and/or literature review, main body of the text, critique (including the presentation of pro and con positions), proposed solutions, conclusions, and summary, followed by a complete listing of all references referred to or cited in the text.
Biological Theories of Criminality
Genetic Studies of Criminality
Note that the first heading is typed in capitals and lower case and is not underlined. Underlining is reserved for material that is intended to be italicized in the text. Sub-headings, which represent a topic under the main heading, are placed even with the margin and italicized in the following manner:
Study of family histories and genealogies
Should it be necessary to use an even finer breakdown of topic material (i.e., fourth or fifth headings), it is recommended that a system of numbering or lettering be used.
As reported by Smith (1978) in a recent report on delinquency control...
Once the author's name and published work is in the list of references, they may be referred to over and over again with no further identification than the name and the year of publication. If the author had two or more works in a given year, merely list them as a,b,c,d...n, following the citation of the year, in the following manner:
The list of references should begin on a page following the final page of the paper and should be alphabetized. Nothing should appear in the list of references that is neither cited nor quoted in the text.
Cite only primary sources. If an author of one source refers to some original article or quotes from it, this should be noted in the paper by indicating that the original article was cited or quoted. This can be done as follows:
Jones (1968), as noted by Smith (1978), claims that delinquency control...
In the references list, citations should then be entered for both Jones and Smith.
case name vol # state report page # vol # regional rep page year
Others do not, so the citation form is:
case name vol # book page # State Sup Ct year
Gregg v. Georgia, 428 U.S. 153 (1976) as cited in Krantz (1986:96).
QUOTATION AND CITATION
As noted by one author, "Delinquency control is accomplished by means of a combination of approaches" (Smith, 1973:25).
According to Smith (1975:25) "Delinquency control is accomplished by means of a combination of approaches".
In the examples given above, the authors' names, year of publication, and the specific page references are all given. Page citation is absolutely required whenever a direct quotation is made. It sometimes becomes desirable to give a page reference when referring to an author's conclusions or ideas in a general way, but this is not required.
Quotations longer than three (3) lines are indicated as such by setting them off in the body of the text, indented, and according to APA style (sect. 332), indented block quotations are to be double-spaced. No quotation marks are used. For example:
As Smith has noted in a recent book on delinquency control:
New approaches to the control of delinquent behavior have emerged within the past two decades which gold some promise. One of these approaches represents an extension of principles derived from laboratory based experiments in behavior modification and makes use of a technique called contingency contracting (Smith, 1973:25).
As stated above, the list of references listed in alphabetical order should include only those items quoted or cited in the text. They should be cited in full, and in the following manner:
Carhes, Sam P. (1978) Controlling Juvenile Delinquency. New York: McGraw-Hill. (This is the proper citation format for a book citation by a single author.)
Smith, James B., and Ann M. Jones (1978) Controlling Juvenile Delinquency. New York: McGraw-Hill. (This is the proper citation format for a book which has two authors.)
Smith, J.B., A.M. Jones and Y.Z. Brown (1988) Controlling Juvenile Delinquency. New York: McGraw-Hill. (This is the proper citation format for a book with multiple authors.)
Taylor, C.R. (Ed.) (1988) Controlling Juvenile Delinquency: New Methods and Approaches. New York: McGraw-Hill. (This is the proper citation format for an edited collection of papers or anthology.)
Tittle, Y.A. (1988) "Juveniles in Jeopardy", in J.B. Smith (Ed.) Controlling Juvenile Delinquency. New York: McGraw-Hill. (This is the proper citation format for a chapter or article in an edited collection of papers or anthology.)
Tyler, William R. (1985) "Police and Delinquency," Journal of Criminal Justice, March, Vol 13(3): 1-14. (This is the proper citation format for a journal article with one author.)
Tyler, William R. (1988) "an Experimental Study in Delinquency Control," Crime and Delinquency. February, Vol 56(2): 255-260. (This is the proper citation format for a journal article with one author.)
Williams, Ron B., and T. Bradshaw (1988) "An Experimental Study in Delinquency Control," Crime and Delinquency, February, Vol 56(2): 255-260. (This is the proper citation format for a journal article which has two authors.)
The complete first name can be written or only the initials can be noted. Decide one way or the other and adhere to that format throughout the reference listing. Also note that when listing the same person as a single author two or more times, list the author's earliest work first.
Variations on any of the above can be found in the official publications of the APA, including the American Psychologist, Psychological Bulletin, and Psychological Review.