Searching for an academic position is different than looking for a job in other employment sectors. Available positions are posted in specialized scholarly periodicals, application materials are specific to academic disciplines, and the screening and interview process may be longer than the more traditional non-academic interview.
The information provided here cannot replace the expertise offered to graduate students by their faculty mentors and is intended only as a generalized overview of a typical process. Practices vary widely by discipline, and common protocols in one field of study may be unheard of within another. Work closely with your faculty advisors and mentors when applying for academic jobs.