William Edward Burghardt Du Bois was born on February 23, 1868 in Great Barrington, Massachusetts. He attended Fisk, Harvard, and the University of Berlin.As the first African-American to earn a Ph.D. from Harvard, Dr. Du Bois gained recognition throughout his lifetime as a sociologist, historian, educator, writer, editor and ardent speaker. He published several books on African-American history including Souls of Black Folks and The Suppression of the Slave Trade.
Labeled as a "radical," he was ignored by those who hoped that his massive contributions would be buried along side of him. But, as Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. wrote, "history cannot ignore W.E.B. DuBois because history has to reflect truth and Dr. DuBois was a tireless explorer and a gifted discoverer of social truths. His singular greatness lay in his quest for truth about his own people. There were very few scholars who concerned themselves with honest study of the black man and he sought to fill this immense void. The degree to which he succeeded disclosed the great dimensions of the man."
In 1906, Dr. Du Bois founded the Niagara Movement. The goal of the movement was to advocate civil justice and abolish discrimination. In 1909, Dr. Du Bois was one of the founding members of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).
On August 27,1963, on the eve of the March On Washington, DuBois died in Accra, Ghana.