Noted AlumniHartley Burr Alexander (1897)
Known for his inspired symbolism and inscriptions in the Nebraska State Capitol, Hartley Burr Alexander was a gifted student and later a professor of philosophy at the University of Nebraska. Born in 1873 in Lincoln and raised in nearby Syracuse, Alexander was a prolific writer and lecturer who conducted the first study of ritual, symbolism and philosophy of the native peoples of the Americas between 1908 and 1929.
George Wells Beadle (1926, MS 1927)
This Nobel Prize-winning geneticist studied under legendary UNL agronomy professor Frank Keim. Beadle received both his bachelor's and master's degrees from the University of Nebraska before continuing his graduate work at Cornell. Born in 1903 in Wahoo, Neb., Beadle would later serve on the faculty of the California Institute of Technology, Harvard and Stanford. He was named president of the University of Chicago in 1961, and is credited with turning that school into one of the nation's premier research institutions.
Willa Cather (1895)
Raised on the Nebraska prairie and educated at the University of Nebraska, the novelist Willa Cather is regarded as one of the century's greatest writers. After working as journalist in Lincoln, she would go on to work at McClure's magazine in New York before turning to full-time writing. Drawing on themes from her childhood and college days at Nebraska, Cather produced such classics as O Pioneers! (1913) and My Antonia (1918). She won a Pulitzer Prize for her wartime novel, One of Ours (1922).
Frederic Clements (1894, MA 1896, PhD 1898)
A renowned educator, botanist and author, Clements was considered the most influential ecologist of the first half of the 20th century. He and his wife, Edith Schwartz Clements (1898, PhD 1906) collaborated on numerous scientific books, and both were students of the famed Nebraska botanist Charles Bessey. Their fellow students in botany included Roscoe Pound and Willa Cather.
Grace Abbott (1906)
An early 20th century feminist who championed the rights of the oppressed, Abbott was director of the Immigrants Protective League of Hull House in Chicago. She later became chief of the U.S. Children's Bureau, where she administered the first federal child labor law and the Maternity and Infancy Act.
Aaron Douglas (1922)
A leader of the Harlem Renaissance, Aaron Douglas has been described as "the father of African-American art." Douglas was the first African-American artist to explore modernism and to reflect African art in his paintings, murals and illustrations. He was the leading visual artist of the Harlem Renaissance, the creative cultural burst of African-American poetry, prose, art, theater, dance and music in New York City in the 1920s. One of Douglas' paintings, "Window Cleaning," is in the collection of UNL's Sheldon Memorial Art Gallery.
Loren Eiseley (1933)
One of the preeminent literary naturalists of our time, Loren Eiseley's essays cast a revealing light on the great ethical questions of our age. Born in 1907 in Lincoln, Eiseley obtained a B.S. at age 26 after nearly a decade as a Depression-era drifter. At the university Eiseley also served as an editor for the literary journal, Prairie Schooner. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Pennsylvania in 1937, and taught anthropology in Kansas before returning to Penn in 1947. In books such as The Immense Journey (1957), he explored ideas ranging from evolution to more literary and personal ruminations.
George Flippin (1895)
When George Flippin took the field to play football against Missouri in 1892, he was the first black athlete at Nebraska and one of only five in the United States. Born in Point Isabelle, Ohio, in 1868, Flippin was a star athlete and a favorite of students and faculty alike. Known for his considerable speaking skills, Flippin would go on to earn a medical degree at Illinois and set up practice in Stromsburg, opening the first hospital there in 1907. He also filed Nebraska's first civil rights lawsuit - against a York café where he was refused service.
Harvey Newbranch (1896)
An editor of the Omaha World-Herald for 56 years, Newbranch won the Pulitzer Prize for a 1919 editorial condemning the lynching of a black man by a racist mob.
Harold 'Doc' Edgerton (1925)
Doc Edgerton, known for his significant contributions to high-speed photographic and stroboscopic techniques and his contributions to underwater exploration through design of watertight cameras, was a native of Aurora. Born in Fremont in 1904, Edgerton was a member of the MIT faculty for 50 years and is known to many for his series of "Stopping Time" photographs, considered to be classics of modern art and technology. Edgerton also took the first photographs of the atomic bomb.
Alvin Johnson (1897, MA 1898)
A renowned humanitarian and social researcher, Alvin Johnson became a distinguished economist and educator. Born near Homer in 1874, Johnson also taught at Nebraska from 1906-08. A charter editor of New Republic magazine, in 1919 he founded the New School for Social Research in New York City, a school dedicated to researching immediate social problems. In the late 1930s he led a movement to bring European artists and academics to the United States to escape the Nazis, and developed a "University in Exile."
Weldon Kees (1935)
Weldon Kees was a restless experimenter - a gifted poet, abstract expressionist painter, jazz pianist, composer, photographer and filmmaker. Born Feb. 24, 1914, in Beatrice, Kees was already publishing fiction in literary magazines when he graduated from Nebraska in 1935. Kees moved to New York, where he began to paint. He exhibited his works along with other abstract expressionists including Hans Hofmann and Willem de Kooning. In 1951 he moved to the West Coast to pursue his interests in jazz and experimental film.
John J. Pershing (JD 1893)
Under Pershing's command, Nebraska's military science department flourished and won him great acclaim. The unit took the name "Pershing Rifles," and became a model for hundreds of similar units in the nation. Pershing graduated from West Point in 1886. Rising rapidly, he became a brigadier general in 1906. In 1918 he launched the U.S. First Army in the first independent offensive by American forces in World War I. In 1919 Pershing was named general of the army; he served as chief of staff until his retirement in 1924. His memoir won the Pulitzer Prize in history.
Louise Pound (1892, MA 1895)
Louise Pound excelled in both academics and sports. The sister of Roscoe Pound, she was born in Lincoln in 1872 and educated by her mother. At Nebraska she became the women's state and regional tennis champion and she won a men's varsity letter in tennis. She obtained a Ph.D. from the University of Heidelberg in two semesters and returned to Nebraska, where she taught for 45 years. In 1955 she became the first woman president of the Modern Language Association and the first woman elected to the Nebraska Sports Hall of Fame.
Roscoe Pound (1888, MA 1889, PhD 1897)
Considered one of the nation's leading jurists outside the Supreme Court, this famed legal scholar and botanist was born in Lincoln in 1870, two years before his sister, Louise Pound. He studied botany at the University of Nebraska under Charles Bessey, and taught here from 1892 to 1903. He later taught at Harvard Law School, where he served as dean. He advanced the idea of sociological jurisprudence and his "theory of social interests" influenced several New Deal programs. The theory took actual societal conditions into account rather than maintaining strict adherence to legal codes.
Acclaimed author Mari Sandoz was a familiar figure on campus, and was among the literary set associated with the Prairie Schooner. Born in Sheridan County, this daughter of Swiss emigrants grew up on the family ranch in the Sandhills. After completing the eighth grade, she skipped high school and became a teacher. She studied intermittently at the University of Nebraska from1922-31. She is noted as a biographer, novelist, and historian whose work usually drew on the life of the Great Plains. She became well known for non-fiction works such Old Jules (1935) and Crazy Horse (1942).
Regarded as one of the 20th century's most gifted writers, attended the University of Nebraska from 1929 to 1931, where he was a contributor to the university's literary quarterly, The Prairie Schooner. Thompson wrote 29 books between 1942 and 1973. His novels spotlighted edgy, disturbed, insidiously engrossing criminals who often unravel into psychopathic criminals. Among works by Thompson adopted for the screen were "The Getaway," produced twice, and "The Grifters."
Donald Othmer (1928)
A native of Omaha, Othmer held more than 150 U.S. and foreign patents. Among his achievements was a basic laboratory device known as the "Othmer Still" used to make precise determinations of vapor-liquid equilibrium data that he developed at Eastman Kodak while working on the company's "safety" film. He was co-editor of the Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology.
Jesse Stearns Buscher (1929)
The first woman member of the Veterans of Foreign Wars, Buscher was a member of the Washington, D.C., press corps for more than 40 years.
Joseph McVicker Hunt (1929, MA 1930)
Psychologist Hunt had an enduring influence on developmental psychology, and was author of the 1961 landmark argument against the concept of fixed intelligence. He was also instrumental in launching the Head Start program.
Ted Hustead (1929)
This Wall, South Dakota pharmacist put his drugstore on the international map by placing signs from Antarctica to the French Riviera advertising free ice water and telling the number of miles to Wall Drug.
Henry M. Beachell (1930)
Beachell was a world-renowned rice breeder. Developed IR8, a rice breed credited with improving the diets of billions of people at the International Rice Research Institute in Los Banos, Philippines. In 1996, he was co-winner of the World Food Prize for contributions to the "Green Revolution." In 1987, he was awarded the Japan Prize of the Science and Technology Foundation of Japan.
Donald Cram (1942)
Cram shared the Nobel Prize in chemistry in 1987.
James Lee Rankin (1928, LLB 1930)
Rankin served as U.S. Solicitor General and general counsel to the Warren Commission and its investigation of the assassination of President John F. Kennedy. Rankin also argued the government's case for desegregation in Brown vs. the Board of Education.
John R. Brown (1930)
As a federal judge, Brown played a major role in desegregation cases that transformed the South from 1955 to 1979. Brown wrote the 1962 order that James Meredith be enrolled in the all-white University of Mississippi.
Gladys Rowena Henry Dick (1900)
A microbiologist and physician, Dick was co-discoverer of the antitoxin for scarlet fever and a founder of the first professional organization for the adoption of children in the United States.
Bion Joseph Arnold (1897)
"Father of the third rail," Arnold was the inventor of the plan for electrification of New York's Grand Central Terminal. He won the Washington Award in 1929.
Karlis A. Ulmanis (1909)
Named the first prime minister of the Republic of Latvia in 1918 and the last pre-World War II Latvian president in 1936, Ulmanis helped write the Latvian Declaration of Independence.
Maynard Nichols (1925)
Nichols and 125,000 Chinese farm workers accomplished what Chinese Nationalist leader Chiang Kai-Shek called the "largest construction job in China since the Great Wall." Nichols was a captain in the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers when he was named chief engineer for the construction of the first of several airbases from which the first U.S. B-29 bombers flew against Japan in 1944. Nichols and his Chinese workers built the base at Kiunglai in western China entirely by hand, without any heavy equipment, in just three months.
Leta Stetter Hollingworth (1906)
Hollingworth was the first woman to scientifically research and challenge the "armchair dogmas" which alleged the inferiority of women. She found no evidence that sex differences limited women's intellectual and career abilities, attributing any such differences to sociological limitations. Noted for being the founder of education for gifted children, she established the first school for "fast learners" - Speyer School in New York City, and wrote the first major text on adolescent psychology and educating the gifted.
William A. Mueller (1922)
A graduate in electrical engineering, Mueller produced the sound technology for early motion pictures, and helped pioneer the first talking picture, "The Jazz Singer."
Jay Forrester (1939)
Forrester invented and holds the basic patent on the random-access magnetic-core memory that was a key element in launching the computer industry. He designed and built Whirlwind I, one of the first high-speed computers. As a faculty member at MIT he also helped develop computer modeling and analysis of social systems that led to the field now know as "system dynamics," which unifies mathematics, physical sciences, biology, social studies and life experiences.
John Moore Allison (1927)
An American diplomat who served in posts around the world in a career that spanned five decades, Allison was dispatched to Nanjing, China, in the wake of the Nanjing massacre in late 1937 and early 1938. Allison, who was detained by the Japanese for six months after the outbreak of World War II, later served in numerous diplomatic posts, was a special aide in negotiating the peace treaty with Japan, and later was responsible for Far Eastern Affairs in the State Department.
Ben Botkin (1931)
A pillar of folklore studies, Botkin provided a rich lode of material when he donated his papers to UNL Archives. Included are his personal library, letters (including correspondence with George and Ira Gershwin), and his research files.
Charles Purcell (1906)
An early pioneer of the interstate system, Purcell, a civil engineer, was chief designer and engineer of the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge.
Harry H. Culver (1901)
Culver founded and built Culver City, Calif., which would become the hub of California's movie-making industry.
Edith Abbott (1901)
The first woman dean of a graduate school in an American university and the dean of the first school of social work in the nation, Abbott led the University of Chicago School of Social Service Administration and probed the problems of women in industry, child labor, police brutality and immigration legislation.
A.A. Luebs (1915)
An alumnus and a faculty member for 40 years, pioneered the field of air conditioning and is known for developing the procedure used for measuring winter temperatures that meteorologists call "degree days." Luebs, a Nebraska native, died shortly after his 100th birthday in 1989.
Berlin Guy Chamberlin (1916)
A standout on the Cornhusker football team, Chamberlin also was a professional football player/coach from 1919 to 1928. He won four championships as an NFL head coach, and was inducted into the Professional Football Hall of Fame in 1965.
Lowry C. Wimberly (1916, MA 1920, PhD 1925)
Best known as the founder and first editor of the university's renowned literary journal, Prairie Schooner, his students (known as "Wimberly's boys") included writer/naturalist Loren Eiseley, novelist Mari Sandoz, folklorist Ben Botkin and poet/artist Weldon Kees.
Theodore A. Kiesselbach (1907, MA 1912, PhD 1919)
A longtime College of Agriculture agronomist and geneticist, Kiesselbach was a world leader in crop science during the first half of the century. Known for his corn research, Kiesselbach earned his bachelor's, master's and doctorate degrees from the university and was an agronomy professor from 1912 to 1952. His work helped pave the way for development of the hybrid seed industry. His 1949 bulletin, "The Structure and Reproduction of Corn" became a seminal reference for plant scientists worldwide and remains in use today.
Johnny Carson (1949)
Television talk show host Johnny Carson was for many years one of America's most recognizable celebrities, hosting his top-ranked Tonight Show for more than 30 years. Raised in Norfolk, he worked in broadcasting in Lincoln and Omaha before moving to California in 1950. He first appeared on The Tonight Show in1958, and as permanent host from 1962 to 1992, he turned it into one of NBC's biggest money-makers. Carson won numerous Emmys for his hosting skills, received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1992, and the Kennedy Center Honors Lifetime Achievement Award in 1993.
Barbara Hendricks (1969)
Regarded as one of the most versatile singers in the music world, Barbara Hendricks is equally at home in opera, recital, jazz and popular song. A native of Stephens, Arkansas, she is also a tireless campaigner for human rights as a Goodwill Ambassador for the United Nations High Commission for Refugees. Her work in this area has been recognized by the U.N. and many other organizations and governments. Hendricks holds a bachelor of science degree in mathematics and chemistry from the University of Nebraska and received her musical training at the Julliard School of Music in New York.
Theodore (Ted) Sorensen (1949, JD 1951)
Sorensen served as special counsel and speechwriter to President John F. Kennedy. Named UNL's Centennial Alumnus by the National Association of State Universities and Land Grant Colleges, Sorensen has advised U.S. and foreign corporations as well as governments around the world.
Warren Buffett (1950)
One of the wealthiest men in America today, Buffett earned a B.S. in economics at the University of Nebraska in 1950 before he attended the Wharton School of Finance at the University of Pennsylvania. Buffett, a native of Omaha, is chairman of the board of Berkshire Hathaway, a company whose business activities include underwriting of property and casualty insurance, newspaper publishing, and candy production and sales.
Gerry Thomas (1948)
Thomas invented the legendary three-compartment aluminum tray first marketed by his employer, Swanson & Sons, in 1954 as the TV dinner. Thomas got the idea for the TV dinner package after a visit to a Pittsburgh distributor who had a box of single-compartment metal trays used to serve heated meals on airplanes. By the end of 1954, Swanson had sold ten million TV dinners.
Clayton Yeutter (1952, JD 1963, PhD 1966)
Besides serving as U.S. Secretary of Agriculture, Clayton Yeutter was a U.S. trade representative, president of the Chicago Mercantile Exchange and chair of the National Republican Party. He is currently an attorney for Hogan and Hartson, a Washington, D.C., law firm. Earned his bachelor's degree, law degree and a doctorate in agricultural economics, all from the University of Nebraska.
Joel Sartore (1985)
Sartore has undertaken more than a dozen major photo assignments covering open range to deep jungle for National Geographic magazine since 1992. He has received numerous awards for his photographs, and was a finalist for a Pulitzer Prize in photography. His passion for documenting species fast heading for extinction belies a serious mission to educate people about the plight of the planet. His personal website, www.endangeredamerica.com features many of his photos of at-risk animals like wolves and eagles.
Debra Powell (1985)
All-American in track and one of Nebraska's scoring leaders in basketball, Powell became the nation's youngest mayor when she was elected to the post in her hometown of East St. Louis in April, 1999. Powell, with 1,843 points, and now fifth on the UNL all-time scoring list, once held the school scoring record.
Mary Pipher (PhD 1977)
Pipher is the author of two best-selling books. Her first, "Reviving Ophelia: Saving the Selves of Adolescent Girls," explored what happens to young girls growing up in America as they reach adolescence. Her second book, "The Shelter of Each Other: Rebuilding Our Families," hit the best seller list within a few weeks after publication in 1996. Pipher received a doctorate in psychology from UNL in 1977.
Gene Budig (1962, MA 1963, EdD 1967)
The former commissioner of the American Baseball League, Budig served 13 years as chancellor of the University of Kansas before taking the AL job, and also headed two other major state universities - West Virginia and Illinois State. At the University of Nebraska he also taught introduction to education, organization and administration of higher education, and the finance of higher education, and served as an administrator.
Kathryn Higgins (1969)
Higgins was named acting leader of the National Endowment for the Arts in November 1997. Higgins was also assistant director for employment policy in the White House from 1978-91 and served as Democratic staff director for Sen. Edward Kennedy on the Senate Committee on Labor and Human Resources. She was Deputy Labor Secretary at the time of her appointment to the Arts Endowment.
Patricia Wirth (1971)
Wirth was named the first woman fellow at AT&T labs in 1997. The fellow designation is the highest honor AT&T bestows on a scientist. Wirth is teletraffic and performance analysis director in AT&T's Applied Technologies Organization, where her efforts resulted in a dramatic improvement in performance of AT&T voice and data services and customer-care applications.
Jeanette Hasse (1983)
Hasse is transplant nutrition specialist at Baylor University Medical Center in Dallas. She created the first full-time liver transplant dietician specialist position in the United States in 1987, and is co-editor of a book published in 1999 that is regarded as the definitive manual on nutrition for adult and pediatric transplantation.
Donald Schneider (1976)
Schneider is co-discoverer of the most-distant known quasar, 14 billion light years away. Schneider is one of the main characters in a prize-winning book, "The Search for the Edge of the Universe," by Richard Preston (Atlantic Monthly Press, 1987), which describes the work of a group of astronomers at the Palomar Observatory.
Karen Blessen (1973)
The first graphic artist to receive a Pulitzer Prize, in 1989 she and two colleagues produced a special section for the Dallas Morning News called "Anatomy of An Air Crash." She earned the Pulitzer for explanatory journalism.
Sandy Veneziano (1973, MA 1975, MFA 1977)
As a Hollywood artist and designer, Veneziano worked as an art director for a number of major films and television series. She is now a visiting instructor of theater arts at Nebraska.
James Risser (1959)
Risser won Pulitzer Prizes in 1976 for exposing corruption in the U.S. grain exporting industry and in 1979 for a series of articles showing the destructive impact of modern agriculture on the environment (both as Washington D.C. bureau chief for the Des Moines Register).
Marjie Lundstrom (1978)
Lundstrom won the Pulitzer Prize in 1991 as a national reporter for the Gannett News service, for which she wrote a series on child-abuse deaths.
Weldon Beverly (PhD 1982)
A pioneer in innovative educational programs, Beverly transformed Chicago's Hyde Park Academy from a school ravaged by urban decay to one of three model school environments in the nation.
Alan Heeger (BS 1956)
Heeger won the 2000 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work in electrically conductive plastics. Heeger also received an honorary Doctor of Science degree from UNL in 1999.
CHARLES BESSEY. Widely considered to be the father of modern botany, Charles Edwin Bessey joined the faculty of the University of Nebraska in 1884. During more than 30 years at the University of Nebraska Bessey became widely known as a respected educator and administrator, holding deanships and serving on two occasions as acting chancellor. Bessey wrote a series of popular high school and college textbooks and served as a longtime editor of Science magazine. He introduced the laboratory method to augment his lectures, a practice unheard of in other major universities at that time. Bessey developed an extraordinary program in botany at Nebraska, which ranked among the top five schools in the United States for the number of its undergraduates who became famous botanists. Among his students were horticultural pioneers Fred and Edith Clements, as well as famed jurist Roscoe Pound and novelist Willa Cather. Bessey is also known as the founder of the Nebraska National Forest at Halsey, and he was an early advocate for the preservation of wild flowers and California's sequoia forests.
RACHEL A. LLOYD. The first woman in the world to become a chemistry professor, Lloyd was hired as the second chemistry professor at the University of Nebraska in 1887. She was the first woman to earn a Ph.D. In chemistry (University of Zurich, 1886), and the first woman to publish a research article in Organic Chemistry. With Hudson Nicholson, chair and only member of the chemistry faculty when it was founded in 1882, she carried out the first research program in chemistry west of the Mississippi.
KARL SHAPIRO was a Pulitizer Prize-winning poet and faculty member who gained famed for poetry he wrote as a young soldier in World War II. He won the Pulitzer in 1945 and later won the Bollingen Prize in 1969, and served as poet laureate at the Library of Congress. He taught in the English Department from 1956 to 1966, and served for a time as editor of the Prairie Schooner.
BOOKER T. WASHINGTON, educator and author, delivered the commencement address in 1902. It was the first time in the history of the West that a black orator took center stage at a university commencement. "The Race Problem" was his theme - he spoke to a standing-room-only audience.
FIRST GRADUATES. James S. Dales and William Snell were the first two graduates of the University of Nebraska in 1873. Along with 1874 gradutes Frank P. Hurd, Uriah H. Malick and Wallace M. Stevenson they founded in the alumni association in 1874.
British author OSCAR WILDE visited the University of Nebraska in 1882 as a lecturer under the auspices of the Presbyterian Church. During his visit Wilde became acquainted with literature professor George Woodbury, who at that time was a recent Harvard graduate who was recommended to Nebraska by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow. Of his visit with Wilde, Woodbury would remark: "He is better than his theories."
(BOX) PARASITOLOGY ON THE PLAINS. Henry Baldwin Ward, regarded as the "father of American parasitology," founded the "Journal of Parasitology" and introduced the first laboratory parasitology course in the western hemisphere at the University of Nebraska in 1893. Today, the Harold W. Manter Laboratory at UNL is one of only three U.S. National Resource Centers for the study of parasites which live on or in other host animals and plants. With Mary Hanson Pritchard as its current director, the Manter Laboratory is known as a center for marine parasitology research and houses the archives for the American Society of Parasitologists. The Schiller Linden Located east of Architecture Hall, this tree was planted in 1905 by members of Professor Lawrence Fossler's German classes and the German community in Lincoln in honor of writer Friederich von Schiller.
STORY BEHIND THE SEAL. The University Seal is constructed of three concentric circles. The outer circle symbolizes the unity and comprehensiveness of the institution and denotes the date of the university's founding: Feb. 15, 1869. The second circle is divided into seven parts, each symbolizing one of seven vocational colleges and schools that were formed when the university was established. The inner circle depicts an open book, representing the College of Arts and Sciences, the first college at the university.
STORY BEHIND THE SONG. "There Is No Place Like Nebraska" was composed by Capt. Dietrich M. Dirks and Lt. Harry L. Pecha of Company G of the ROTC, who apparently were homesick at summer camp in Fort Snelling, Minn. It was first sung at the Oklahoma football game by the University Quartet in 1923 in waltz tempo. It was transformed into its present march tempo in the late 1930s.
THE ROCK. This quartzite boulder, deposited by a glacier near Hartington, Neb., was discovered by geologist Samuel Aughey and brought to the campus as a gift from the Class of 1892. It was originally placed on the front lawn of the campus and is seen in many early photographs. It was later moved to the northeast corner of Morrill Hall. The boulder is said to feature petroglyphs from an ancient people, but their purpose is unknown.
OUR GRAND ENTRANCE. Two pairs of gates, one old and the other a newly minted duplicate, grace the entrance to the UNL campus. The gates were installed on the south lawn of Love Library in September 1995. The old gates were retrieved from a trash heap on East Campus in 1978 by Bud Dasenbrock, long-time director of landscape services. UNL Garden Friends, a group that supports UNL Gardens, raised $20,000 to restore, duplicate and reset the gates. The gates Dasenbrock saved from the trash pile probably were from a fence near Neihardt Hall.
COLUMNS AND GATES. The original four-block campus was enclosed by an iron fence in 1892. The four gates, one on each side, were locked every night. The fence was removed in 1922 and placed along the O Street side of Wyuka Cemetery in Lincoln, where it remains today. Of the four gates only the south gate remains on campus.