Carrie Heitman

Carrie Heitman
Assistant Professor Anthropology

Ph.D. University of Virginia, 2011
Assistant Professor of Anthropology
Office: 833 Oldfather Hall
Email: heitman [at]
Phone: (402) 472-7957
Fax: (402) 472-9642

Curriculum vitae

Current Research and Digital Projects:

Chaco Research Archive with colleagues from the University of Virginia.

Chaco Canyon Cross-Cutting  NASA DEVELOP Project with Jeffrey Luvall (NASA at NSSTC), Robert Griffin (University of Alabama in Huntsville), Tom Sever (University of Alabama in Huntsville), Tom Lincoln (National Park Service), Ruth Van Dyke (Binghamton University), and Steve Lekson (University of Colorado-Boulder).

Chaco Landscapes with colleagues from The University of Colorado, Boulder and SUNY-Binghamton, working to define and document Chacoan cultural landscape features and heritage resources in the San Juan Basin.

Ohio Hopewell: Ancient Crossroads of the American Midwest with colleagues from University of Illinois at Chicago, the Field Museum, and Northwestern University researching and enhancing access to the legacy collections of Hopewell Culture artifacts at The Field Museum.

Salmon Pueblo Archaeological Research Collection with colleagues from Archaeology Southwest, the Salmon Ruins Museum, and The University of Virginia.  

Digital Native American and Indigenous Studies Project (DNAISP), Institute for Advanced Topics in the Digital Humanities funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities. Project Director: Jennifer Guiliano, Assistant Professor, IUPUI

Recent Grants:

  • Heitman, C. (PI), Reed, P. (Co-PI). Salmon Pueblo Archaeological Research Collection. National Endowment for the Humanities, Humanities Collections and Reference Resources: $300,000 (2015-2018)
  • Project Lead, Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, Humanities Without Walls, Global Midwest Pilot Grant: Ohio Hopewell—Prehistoric Crossroads of the American Midwest.  $24,744 (2014-2015)
  • Consultant, Chaco Landscapes, Rocky Mountain Cooperative Ecosystems Study Unit Task Agreement Number: P14AC01703, Project #: UCOB-109.  $94,599
  • Layman Seed and New Directions Grant.  $5921

Recent Publications:

Peer-Reviewed Books

Heitman, Carrie C. and Steve Plog. (editors) 2015.  Chaco Revisited: New Research on the Prehistory of Chaco Canyon, NM. University of Arizona Press for the Amerind Studies in Archaeology Series.

Peer-Reviewed Articles & Chapters

(2017) Heitman, Carrie C.  “The Creation of Gender Bias in Museum Collections: Re-examiningArchaeological and Archival Collections from Chaco Canyon, New Mexico.” Museum Anthropology 40(2):127-41. doi:

(2017) Geib, Phil R., Carrie C. Heitman, and Ronald C.D. Fields. 2017. “Continuity and Change in Puebloan Ritual Practice:  ~3800 Years of Shrine Use in the North American Southwest.”  American Antiquity 82(2).  doi: 10.1017/aaq.2016.35

(2017) Plog, Steve, Carrie C. Heitman, and Adam Watson.  “Key Dimensions of the Prehistoric Cultural Trajectories of Chaco Canyon.”  Accepted for The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of the American Southwest, edited by Severin Fowles and Barbara J. Mills.  Oxford University Press.

(2017) Heitman, Carrie C., Worthy N. Martin, and Stephen Plog. “Innovation through Large-scale Integration of Legacy Records: Assessing the ‘Value Added’ in Cultural Heritage Resources.”  Journal on Computing and Cultural Heritage 10(3). doi: 10.1145/3012288

(2016) Heitman, Carrie C.  “‘A Mother for All the People’: Feminist Science and Chacoan Archaeology.”  American Antiquity 81(3):471-489.  doi: 10.1017/S0002731600003954

(2015) Heitman, Carrie C.  “The House of Our Ancestors.” Chaco Revisited: New Research on the Prehistory of Chaco Canyon, NM, edited by Carrie C. Heitman and Stephen Plog.  University of Arizona Press for the Amerind Studies in Archaeology Series. 

(2015) Geib, Phil R. and Carrie C. Heitman.  “The Relevance of Maize Pollen for Assessing the Extent of Maize Production in Chaco Canyon.Chaco Revisited: New Research on the Prehistory of Chaco Canyon, NM, edited by Carrie C. Heitman and Stephen Plog.  University of Arizona Press for the Amerind Studies in Archaeology Series.

(2010) Plog, Steve and Carrie Heitman.  “Hierarchy and Social Inequality in the American Southwest, A.D. 800-1200.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 107(46):19619-19626.  doi: 10.1073/pnas.1014985107

(2007) Heitman, Carrie C.  “Houses Great and Small:  Re-evaluating the Construction of Hierarchy in Chaco Canyon, NM, A.D. 850-1180.”  In The Durable House: Architecture, Ancestors and Origins, edited by Robin Beck.  22nd Annual Visiting Scholar Conference, Center for Archaeological Investigations, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, IL. 

Other Scholarly Publications

(2016) Heitman, Carrie C., Ruth Van Dyke, Matthew Peebles, and Kyle Boczinsky.  2016.  Greater Chaco Landscapes Great House Communities GIS Integration Dataset.  GIS dataset submitted to the National Park Service in partial fulfillment of Rocky Mountain Cooperative Ecosystems Study Unit Task Agreement Number: P14AC01703, Project #: UCOB-109.  

(2016) Ruth Van Dyke, Stephen Lekson, and Carrie Heitman.  Chaco Landscapes: Data, Theory and Management.  White Paper submitted to the National Park Service in partial fulfillment of Rocky Mountain Cooperative Ecosystems Study Unit Task Agreement Number: P14AC01703, Project #: UCOB-109.   

Heitman, Carrie C.  2011. Architectures of Inequality: Evaluating Houses, Kinship and Cosmology in Chaco Canyon, New Mexico, A.D. 800-1200. Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Anthropology, University of Virginia.

Recent Conference Presentations:

(2017)  Carrie C. Heitman. “Kinship Theory in Archaeology: House Society Models in the American Southwest.”  Paper accepted for the Frontiers and Reflections on the Anthropology of Kinship and Gender: Papers in Honor of Susan McKinnon panel at the 116th Annual Meeting of the American Anthropological Association, November 29-December 3, 2017. 

(2017)  Carrie Heitman.  “Ancient Ancestors and Contemporary Mediations:  An Anthropological View from Chaco Canyon, New Mexico.”  Invited paper in the Interdisciplinary Critique of 'Official' Western Histories panel at the Annual Meeting of the Western History Association, November 1-4, 2017, San Diego, CA.

(2017) Jennifer Guiliano and Carrie Heitman.  “Indigenizing the Digital Humanities: Challenges, Questions, and Research Opportunities.”  Long paper submission accepted for the Digital Humanities conference, August 8-11, 2017, Montreal, Canada.

(2017)  Carrie Heitman.  “Decolonizing an Archive of Archives?”  Paper accepted for the Decolonising Digital Archaeology symposium at the 45th Computer Applications in Archaeology conference, March 14-16, Atlanta, GA.

(2016)  Carrie C. Heitman and Sean Field.  “Space Archaeology in the American Southwest:  A Case Study from the Greater Chaco Canyon Landscape.”  Invited paper presented in the Innovations in Archeological Outreach symposium at the 74th Plains Anthropology Conference, October 14, 2016.

(2016)  Carrie C. Heitman.  “Theorizing the Archive and the Ethics of Open Access.”  Invited paper to be presented in the Open Archaeology: The Ethics of Sharing Heritage symposium at the 8th World Archaeological Congress, August 28-September 2, 2016, Kyoto, Japan.

(2016)  Carrie Heitman, Worthy Martin, and Steve Plog.  “Legacy Records and Digital Innovation: The Chaco Research Archive and Beyond.”  Invited paper presented in the What Do We Mean by “Digital Curation” symposium at the 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, April 9, 2016, Orlando, FL 

(2016)  Carrie C. Heitman and Paul Reed. “Expanding the Archive: The Creation of the Salmon Pueblo Archaeological Research Collection (SPARC).”  Invited paper presented in the Globalizing the Field: Preserving and Creating Access to Archaeological Collections colloquium at the joint Archaeological Institute of America / Society for Classical Archaeology annual meeting, January 6, 2016, San Francisco, CA.

(2015) Krystal Britt, Carolyn Heitman, William Parkinson, Jamie Kelly and James Brown. Bringing the Past to the Public: The Ohio Hopewell Digital Initiative.  Paper presented at the 59th Annual Midwest Archaeological Conference, November 6, 2015, Milwaukee, WI.

(2015)  Carrie C. Heitman, Ruth Van Dyke, Steve Lekson.  “Greater Chaco Landscape: Geospatial Data Collaboration and Integration.” Paper presented at the 88th Annual Pecos Conference, August 8, 2015, Mancos, CO.        

(2015)  Carrie C. Heitman.  “Creating Communities of Collaboration Digital Archaeology and the Digital Humanities.” Paper presented in the Current Practice in Digital Public & Community Archaeology symposium at the 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, April 17, Austin, TX.  Available online:       

(2014)  Carrie C. Heitman. Paper presented in the “Indigenous Archaeology” session at the 47th Annual Chacmool Archaeology Conference, Breaking Barriers.  University of Calgary, November 10, 2014, Alberta, Canada.

(2014)  Carrie C. Heitman.  “Digital Hopewell?”  Invited paper presented in the Mark Lynott, a Memorial Symposium at the 58th Annual Conference of the Midwest Archaeological Conference, Champaign, IL.

(2014) Carrie C. Heitman.  “Ethnohistory in the age of “DH”:  Intersecting Archives in the American Southwest .”  Invited paper presented in the Program Committee Special Session, Digital Innovations in Ethnohistory: A Roundtable on Digital Humanities and the Future of Ethnohistory at the 60th annual meeting of the American Society for Ethnohistory, Indianapolis, IN.

(2014) Carrie C. Heitman and Worthy N. Martin.  “Open-Access Cultural Heritage Resources and Native  American Stakeholders: A Case Study from Chaco Canyon, New  Mexico.”  Poster presented at the annual Digital Humanities 2014 conference, Lausanne, Switzerland.

(2014)  Carrie Heitman.  “Facilitating Communities of Collaboration:  A Case Study  from the American Southwest.”  Paper presented in Digital Communities in Action, Digital Heritage Conference at the University of York, UK.

(2014) Carrie C. Heitman.  “Layered with Meaning: Mediating Social Integration though Architecture in Chaco Canyon.”  Invited paper presented in the Integration and Disintegration: The Role of Public Architecture in the Prehispanic American Southwest symposium at the 79th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Austin, TX.

(2013) Carrie C. Heitman.  “Labor and Liturgy:  Transforming the House.”  Invited paper presented in the This Must be the Place: An Archaeology of Homemaking symposium at the 112th Annual Meeting of the American Anthropological Association, Chicago, IL.

(2013) Carrie C. Heitman  “Intersecting Archives: Examining Women's Leadership In Chaco Canyon, New Mexico.”  Paper presented in the Gender and Leadership symposium at the Theoretical Archaeology Group Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL.

(2012) Carrie C. Heitman “The Creation of a Holy House:  A Case Study from Chaco Canyon, New Mexico, A.D. 800-1200.”  Paper presented in the Holy Houses symposium at the Society for American Archaeology Annual Meeting, Memphis, TN.

(2012) Martin, Worthy, Steve Plog, Carrie Heitman Abigail Holeman, and Adam Watson.  “Legacy Data, Digital Archives, and New Directions for Chaco CanyonArchaeology.”  Invited paper presented in the New Methods, New Questions and New Data from Old Collections symposium at the 77th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Memphis, TN.

 Additional publications are available at DigitalCommons@University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Courses Taught:

Introduction to Prehistory and Archaeology (ANTH 232)

Cultural Heritage of the American Southwest (ANTH 337/837)

The Anthropology of Death (ANTH 215)

Digital Anthropologies (ANTH 416/816)

Readings in Digital Humanities (ANTH/ENGL/HIST/MODL/ 946) 

Faculty Fellow, Center for Digital Research in the Humanities
Chaco archive homepage

Major research interests:

Archaeologies of social inequality, social and ritual organization, household archaeology, heritage preservation, ethnoarchaeology, digital methods and emergent technologies in anthropology