In academia, the curriculum vita is used to represent, broadly, your educational background, your research, teaching, presentations, and publications. In contrast, a resume is more common for business, government, non-profits, and some industry positions. Use a resume to specifically target your skills to the employers’ needs.

Typically, the resume is structured using one of three formats: chronological, functional, and combination. It’s up to you to determine which format best fits your needs.

Chronological resumes are the most commonly used. This format is a structured sequence of your education, experience, and skills listing the most recent first. Previous positions follow in reverse chronological order.

Functional resumes emphasize skill sets targeted to the job. For example: Communication, Systems, Data, Leadership, etc.  This format may be used to emphasize transferable skills.

Combination resumes combine elements of both the Chronological and Functional formats.  This format lists positions, employers, and dates while highlighting specific skills.