Research making use of Lasers and Optics
For information contact
Associate Professor, Physics & Astronomy
Who should apply
- Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
- Electrical Engineering
EligibilityParticipation in the Nebraska Summer Research Program is limited to students who meet the following criteria:
- U.S. Citizen or Permanent Resident
- Current undergraduate with at least one semester of coursework remaining before obtaining a bachelor's degree
See Eligibility for more information.
How to apply
Follow the application steps to submit the following materials.
About the Program
The REU Site “Lasers and Optics” offers research in physics, in chemistry, and in engineering, with a specific focus on lasers and optics, a field that continues to bloom. We offer students a wide range of relevant and topical research activities, including work with laser-driven multi-fiber nanotip electron sources, imaging of femtosecond molecular dynamics, generation of femtosecond X-ray pulses, spectroscopy, metamaterials for photonic and optical applications, propagation of laser pulses in liquids, programmable spatial light modulation, and femtosecond laser surface processing. Unique to this site, suitable student projects will be selected for the creation of virtual or augmented reality projects.
Students will attend seminars and meetings to intensify motivation and deepen understanding, and to assist in orientation to the job market. We will tour external institutions and companies where scientists work. Students will write a research paper, give an oral presentation, and present a poster. They will participate in a mock symposium. They will attend workshops on diversity/inclusion, authorship, financial literacy, scientific writing, and networking. They will be guided in GRE taking, discuss graduate school selection, and be assisted in the preparation of application materials.
A variety of informal, social group activities are planned (also with participants of other Summer Research Programs at the University of Nebraska).
- Competitive stipend: $6,000
- Suite-style room and meal plan
- Travel expenses to and from Lincoln
- Campus parking and/or bus pass
- Full access to the Campus Recreation Center and campus library system
- Wireless internet access
Learn more about academic and financial benefits.
- Department seminars and presentations
- Professional development workshops (e.g., applying to graduate school, taking the GRE)
- Welcome picnic
- Day trip to Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo and Aquarium
- Outdoor adventures
- Research symposium
Mentors and Projects
Dr. Herman Batelaan Department of Physics and Astronomy (Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics)
A team of two students will work on ghost imaging (one funded by REU and the other by local funds). One student will work on a laser-driven multi-fiber nanotip source in collaboration with Prof. Passian from Oak Ridge National Lab using single nanotip fibers that we have recently developed. Computational ghost imaging relies on a programmable source, which is what the multi-fiber tip will provide. The other student will perform the accompanying computer simulation, and computer control of the source.
Dr. Martin Centurion Department of Physics and Astronomy (Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics)
The Ultrafast Dynamics group focusing on understanding and controlling the conversion of light into chemical energy and heat at the molecular level. Upon absorption of a photon, a molecule undergoes structural transformations on the femtosecond scale, which lead to the breaking and making of chemical bonds, changes in the molecular geometry and triggering of different vibrational modes. In order to understand these transformations, it is essential to be able observe them on their natural time scales.
Dr. Matthias Fuchs Department of Physics and Astronomy (Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics)
Next Generation X-ray Lightsource
The research of the Fuchs group is focused on the development of what might be called the next generation X-ray lightsource. The generated X-ray pulses have an ultrashort duration of only a few femtoseconds (1 fs = 10−15 s). The combination of X-ray wavelength and femtosecond pulse duration enables the direct observation of dynamics on atomic time- and length-scales. This allows for example the investigation of atomic rearrangement in chemical reactions or the atomic motion in solids in real time.
Dr. Timothy J. Gay Department of Physics and Astronomy (Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics)
Prof. Gay’s research uses polarized electrons to study spin-dependent effects in electron-molecule scattering, with targets ranging from chiral polyatomics to H2. In addition, we are developing spin-polarized electron sources based on our recent discovery of fast, multiphoton-induced electron emission from GaAs nanostructures. Such sources have the potential to enable imaging of spin-dependent chemical reactions and magnetic dynamics occurring in the solid-state on femtosecond time scales.
Dr. Alena Moon Department of Chemistry
Light-matter interactions and spectroscopy
Spectroscopy—the interaction of electromagnetic radiation with atoms and molecules—is a ubiquitous tool for probing and understanding molecules and reactions across all molecular sciences. So much so that the American Chemical Society (ACS) has made its use required for undergraduates in accredited chemistry programs (ACS CPT). Though spectroscopy is fundamental to the practice of chemistry and much of STEM, undergraduate education about spectroscopy remains fragmented and limited by the absence of any systematic investigations of how students learn foundational concepts of light-matter interactions and spectroscopy.
Dr. Eva Schubert Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Chiral Heterostructure Nanomaterials for Photonic Applications
The Schubert lab has expertise in metamaterial fabrication, characterization, and optical in-situ growth monitoring. The lab employs bottom-up methods for self-organized growth such as oblique angle deposition (OAD) and atomic layer deposition, and extensively uses in-situ spectroscopic ellipsometry for real time growth monitoring. Metamaterials are particularly of interest for photonic and optical applications in sensors, filters, polarization-sensitive devices and for light harvesting. Si nanospirals have intriguing chiro-optical properties such as the recently observed tunable circular dichroism and optical activity. Small chiro-optical responses and limits in spectral tunability impose obstacles for applicability in devices.
Dr. Kees Uiterwaal Department of Physics and Astronomy (Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics)
Augmented Reality in the Laser Lab
REU students will be involved in the development of interactable Augmented Reality products for three-dimensional visualization of our various experiments and experimental research topics. In 2020, we set up a first station for the development of Augmented Reality experiences. This includes a fully equipped desktop computer with a powerful GUI, various software packages needed for development of the product, and a Google Hololens 2 (similar stations are used for game development). A wide range of attractive topics for these immersive Augmented Reality experiences is available. We study the interaction of femtosecond laser pulses with matter. This includes ionization of molecules. We also investigate optical vortices: ‘whirling bullets of light’.
Dr. Craig Zuhlke Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Electro-Optics and Functionalized Surfaces
The Center for Electro-Optics and Functionalized Surfaces (CEFS) at UNL has developed techniques to directly functionalize or tailor the surface properties of metals using a technique known as femtosecond laser surface processing (FLSP). With FLSP, the properties of metals are altered by creating self-organized micron and nanoscale surface structures combined with la-ser-induced chemistry changes and subsurface microstructure changes using finely controlled ultra-short laser-matter interactions.