|I. Academic Quality
All term papers must comply with academic standards of quality and excellence. Papers are to be each student's own original work. Students who plagiarize will receive no points for the paper and the matter brought to the attention of University officials. Plagiarism is stealing another person's work, words and ideas and passing them off as your own. The paper is to be submitted to the course instructor in a form as detailed in the course syllabus. The paper may be used only for one course. Paper topics must be course related. They could be graded utilizing the following criteria, though each professor establishes their own grading policy:
Area 1 Literature Review
a) Depth and Comprehensiveness--Were a sufficient number of relevant sources utilized to provide a thorough exploration of the topic?
Area 2 Analysis
a) Adequate Description of Major Themes And Findings--Does the descriptive or narrative portion of the paper contain sufficient detail? Are basic structures and processed discussed?
Area 3 Form and Style
a) Organization--Is the paper organized in an orderly fashion with topic headings?
Papers should be double-spaced.
Generally speaking, an outline consists of major and minor topic headings, organized with regard to the specific topic being researched. Topic headings usually include an introduction, historical background and/or literature review, main body of the text, critique (including the presentation of pro and con positions), proposed solutions, conclusions, and summary, followed by a complete listing of all references referred to or cited in the text.
Biological Theories of Criminality
USE TOPIC HEADINGS
Genetic Studies of Criminality
Note that the first heading is typed in capitals and lower case and is not underlined. Underlining is reserved for material that is intended to be italicized in the text. Sub-headings, which represent a topic under the main heading, are placed even with the margin and italicized in the following manner:
Study of family histories and genealogies
Should it be necessary to use an even finer breakdown of topic material (i.e., fourth or fifth headings), it is recommended that a system of numbering or lettering be used.
As reported by Smith (1978) in a recent report on delinquency control...
Once the author's name and published work is in the list of references, they may be referred to over and over again with no further identification than the name and the year of publication. If the author had two or more works in a given year, merely list them as a,b,c,d...n, following the citation of the year, in the following manner:
The list of references should begin on a page following the final page of the paper and should be alphabetized. Nothing should appear in the list of references that is neither cited nor quoted in the text.
Cite only primary sources. If an author of one source refers to some original article or quotes from it, this should be noted in the paper by indicating that the original article was cited or quoted. This can be done as follows:
Jones (1968), as noted by Smith (1978), claims that delinquency control...
In the references list, citations should then be entered for both Jones and Smith.
CITING COURT CASES
Would be cited as follows:
Peete v. Rose, 381 F. Supp 1167 (W.D. Tenn. 1974)
Would be cited as follows:
State v. Metzger, 211 Neb. 593, 319 N.W. 2d 459 (1982)
Some states have fewer items noted. This case:
case name vol # book page # State Sup Ct year
Would be cited as follows:
Commonwealth v. Wright, 190 A.2d 709 (Pa. 1963)
Gregg v. Georgia, 428 U.S. 153 (1976) as cited in Krantz (1986:96).
QUOTATION AND CITATION
As noted by one author, "Delinquency control is accomplished by means of a
According to Smith (1975:25) "Delinquency control is accomplished by means
Quotations longer than three (3) lines are indicated as such by setting them off in the body of the text, and indented. No quotation marks are used. For example:
As Smith has noted in a recent book on delinquency control:
New approaches to the control of delinquent behavior have emerged within the past two decades
As stated above, the list of references listed in alphabetical order should include only those items quoted or cited in the text. They should be cited in full, and in the following manner as the last page of the manuscript:
Carhes, Sam P. (1978) Controlling Juvenile Delinquency. New York: McGraw-Hill. (This is the proper citation format for a book citation by a single author)
Jones, John (2000, January 15) "Juveniles Out of Control", The Sun, https://thesun.com/783975j839, retrieved February 4, 2007. (This is the proper citation format for items with authors and original web posting dates retrieved from the web)
Crime, Deviance and Justice Powerpoints (nd) https://www.unl.eskridge/CJ 496index.html, retrieved February 8, 2021. (This is the proper citation format for items with no authors and no web posting dates retrieved from the web)
Smith, James B., and Ann M. Jones (1978) Controlling Juvenile Delinquency. New York: McGraw-Hill. (This is the proper citation format for a book which has two authors)
Smith, J.B., A.M. Jones and Y.Z. Brown (1988) Controlling Juvenile Delinquency. New York: McGraw-Hill. (This is the proper citation format for a book with multiple authors)
Taylor, C.R. (Ed.) (1988) Controlling Juvenile Delinquency: New Methods and Approaches. New York: McGraw-Hill. (This is the proper citation format for an edited collection of papers or anthology.)
Tittle, Y.A. (1988) "Juveniles in Jeopardy", in J.B. Smith (Ed.) Controlling Juvenile Delinquency. New York: McGraw-Hill. (This is the proper citation format for a chapter or article in an edited collection of papers or anthology)
Tyler, William R. (1985) "Police and Delinquency," Journal of Criminal Justice, March, Vol 13(3): 1-14. (This is the proper citation format for a journal article with one author)
Tyler, William R. (1988) "An Experimental Study in Delinquency Control," Crime and Delinquency. February, Vol 56(2): 255-260. (This is the proper citation format for a journal article with one author)
Williams, Ron B., and T. Bradshaw (1988) "An Experimental Study in Delinquency Control," Crime and Delinquency, February, Vol 56(2): 255-260. (This is the proper citation format for a journal article which has two authors)
The complete first name can be written or only the initials can be noted. Decide one way or the other and adhere to that format throughout the reference listing. Also note that when listing the same person as a single author two or more times, list the author's earliest work first.
Variations on any of the above can be found in the official publications of the APA, including the American Psychologist, Psychological Bulletin, and Psychological Review.